Encouraging Perseverance: Mia establishes expectations for students’ pair work early on, and in her pair check-ins, encourages students to persevere and follow their lines of reasoning. Students might not be able to see for themselves early on how they can keep going if they are feeling stuck or confused. We need to model for them and encourage them in order to build this habit of mind.

**CONSIDER:**

How do you use questioning to help students extend their thinking?

These videos are discussed in the Inside Mathematics guide "Taking Responsibility for Learning, Mia Buljan, 2nd grade," one of 10 practice-focused guides on building classroom climates for mathematical learning.

The videos document key mathematical practices observed in teacher Mia Buljan's 2nd grade classroom over the course of a school year. In the guide (available as a PDF or an iBook download), you can explore extended narratives and questions for reflection around "taking responsibility for learning."

Reflection: Mia on supporting students to work through misconceptions [Taking Responsibility for Learning]

Reflection: Mia contextualizes her beliefs about supporting students toward precision [Taking Responsibility for Learning]

Reflection: Mia on building students’ self-efficacy [Taking Responsibility for Learning]

Day 2: Granting access to all learners’ ideas [Promoting and Requiring Active Engagement]

Day 2: Coming to know students as learners [Promoting and Requiring Active Engagement]

Day 2: Using questions to help students extend their thinking [Encouraging Perseverance]

Day 2: Modeling perseverance in thinking for students [Encouraging Perseverance]

Day 3: Checking in with students’ thinking [Establishing and Following Classroom Routines]

Day 3: Calling student attention to the structure of the problem [Establishing and Following Classroom Routines]

Day 3: Building engagement with new tools and strategies [Promoting and Requiring Active Engagement]

Day 14: Building procedures with students [Reflecting on One’s Own Behavior as a Learner]

Day 110: Reinforcing norms of sharing and independence [Establishing and Following Classroom Routines]

Day 110: Considering choice, independence, and responsibility [Establishing and Following Classroom Routines]

Day 110: Sustaining individual work and supporting other students’ independence and autonomy [Encouraging Perseverance]

Day 110: Helping students prove their understandings to themselves [Reflecting on One’s Own Behavior as a Learner]

Day 110: Students reflect on their own behavior and give feedback to each other [Encouraging Perseverance]

Day 158: Generating possible problems [Establishing and Following Classroom Routines]

Day 158: Students critique each other’s reasoning [Establishing and Following Classroom Routines]

Day 158: Matching our ideas to the problem [Establishing and Following Classroom Routines]